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T.V. Chumakova

The article sets the question of a possible influence of ideas, close to those of the Oxford Movement, on the ecclesiastic enlightenment in Russia in the second half of the nineteenth century. According to the “Lexicon of the Russian Academy”, the ecclesiastic enlightenment in a broad context could be understood as a longing of a part of the Russian society to introduce religious enlightenment and renovation.

The English Church, and first of all its High Church, attracted attention of Russian society, and that interest increased in 1840-s, when the so called Oxford, or Tractarian Movement had been shaped in the frames of the High Church. The ideas promoted by that movement included those ones: restoration of the Church doctrine and the strengthening of its role in the life of society, calling for “antiquity” – theological and liturgical heritage of the common Christian Church, before its disintegration. The similar ideas, shaped under the influence of Romanticism, were popular among the supporters of the liturgical renaissance in the Roman Catholic Church, “Old Catholics”, as well as among the Kollyvades in Greece.

All this could not but arouse interest of that part of Russian society, which was involved into the discourse of religious renovation and ecclesiastic enlightenment. There were not only clergymen and teachers of spiritual schools, but also a broad public: journalists, historians of religion, and philosophers. A famous participant of ecclesiastic enlightenment, specialist in Biblical studies and Christian history A. P. Lopukhin called Tractarianism “the great Oxford Movement”.

Key words. Church of England, Oxford movement, spiritual enlightenment, religious philosophy, Slavophilism, Anglican-Orthodox dialogue, the Russian Orthodox Church.

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About the Author:
Chumakova Tatiana Vitautasovna – Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, Professor of Department of Philosophy of Religion and Religious Studies Saint Petersburg State University, 7–9, Universitetskaya nab., St. Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..